主页 > 教育培训 > 高等教育 > 2019年全国一卷英语高考试题与答案(3)


  第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)


  Is Fresh Air Really Good for You?

  We all grew up hearing people tell us to "go out and get some fresh air" . 36 According to recent studies, the answer is a big YES, if the air quality in your camping area is good.

  37 If the air you’re breathing is clean — which it would be if you’re away from the smog of cities — then the air is filled with life-giving, energizing oxygen. If you exercise out of doors, your body will learn to breathe more deeply, allowing even more oxygen to get to your muscles(肌肉)and your brain.

  Recently, people have begun studying the connection between the natural world and healing(治愈). 38 In these places patients can go to be near nature during their recovery. It turns out that just looking at green, growing things can reduce stress, lower blood pressure, and put people into a better mood(情绪). Greenery is good for us. Hospital patients who see tree branches out their window are likely to recover at a faster rate than patients who see buildings or sky instead. 39 It gives us a great feeling of peace.

  40 While the sun’s rays can age and harm our skin, they also give us beneficial Vitamin D. To make sure you get enough Vitamin D — but still protect your skin — put on sunscreen right as you head outside. It takes sunscreen about fifteen minutes to start working, and that’s plenty of time for your skin to absorb a day’s worth of Vitamin D.

  A. Fresh air cleans our lungs.

  B. So what are you waiting for?

  C. Being in nature refreshes us.

  D. Another side benefit of getting fresh air is sunlight.

  E. But is fresh air really as good for you as your mother always said?

  F. Just as importantly, we tend to associate fresh air with health care.

  G. All across the country, recovery centers have begun building Healing Gardens.

  第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

  第一节 (共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)


  Every year about 40,000 people attempt to climb Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain in Africa. They 41 with them lots of waste. The 42 might damage the beauty of the place. The glaciers(冰川)are disappearing, changing the 43 of Kilimanjaro.

  Hearing these stories, I’m 44 about the place — other destinations are described as "purer" natural experiences.

  However, I soon 45 that much has changed since the days of disturbing reports of 46 among tons of rubbish. I find a 47 mountain, with toilets at camps and along the paths. The environmental challenges are 48 but the efforts made by the Tanzania National Park Authority seem to be 49 .

  The best of a Kilimanjaro 50 , in my opinion, isn’t reaching the top. Mountains are 51 as spiritual places by many cultures. This 52 is especially evident on Kilimanjaro as 53 go through five ecosystems(生态系统)in the space of a few kilometers. At the base is a rainforest. It ends abruptly at 3, 000 meters, 54 lands of low growing plants. Further up, the weather 55 — low clouds envelope the mountainsides, which are covered with thick grass. I 56 twelve shades of green from where I stand. Above 4, 000 meters is the highland 57 : gravel(砾石), stones and rocks. 58 you climb into an arctic-like zone with 59 snow and the glaciers that may soon disappear.

  Does Kilimanjaro 60 its reputation as a crowded mountain with lines of tourists ruining the atmosphere of peace? I found the opposite to be true.

  41. A. keep B. mix C. connect D. bring

  42. A. stories B. buildings C. crowds D. reporters

  43. A. position B. age C. face D. name

  44. A. silent B. skeptical C. serious D. crazy

  45. A. discover B. argue C. decide D. advocate

  46. A. equipment B. grass C. camps D. stones

  47. A. remote B. quiet C. all D. clean

  48. A. new B. special C. significant D. necessary

  49. A. paying off B. spreading out C. blowing up D. fading away

  50. A. atmosphere B. experience C. experiment D. sight

  51. A. studied B. observed C. explored D. regarded

  52. A. view B. quality C. reason D. purpose

  53. A. scientists B. climbers C. locals D. officials

  54. A. holding on to B. going back to C. living up to D. giving way to

  55. A. changes B. clears C. improves D. permits

  56. A. match B. imagine C. count D. add

  57. A. village B. desert C. road D. lake

  58. A. Obviously B. Easily C. Consequently D. Finally

  59. A. permanent B. little C. fresh D. artificial

  60. A. enjoy B. deserve C. save D. acquire

  第二节 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)


  The polar bear is found in the Arctic Circle and some big land masses as far south as Newfoundland. While they are rare north of 88°, there is evidence 61 they range all the way across the Arctic, and as far south as James Bay in Canada. It is difficult to figure out a global population of polar bears as much of the range has been 62 (poor) studied; however, biologists calculate that there are about 20,000-25,000 polar bears worldwide.

  Modern methods 63 tracking polar bear populations have been employed only since the mid-1980s, and are expensive 64 (perform) consistently over a large area. In recent years some Inuit people in Nunavut 65 (report) increases in bear sightings around human settlements, leading to a 66 (believe) that populations are increasing. Scientists have responded by 67 (note) that hungry bears may be congregating(聚集) around human settlements, leading to the illusion(错觉) that populations are 68 (high) than they actually are. Of 69 nineteen recognized polar bear subpopulations, three are declining, six 70 (be) stable, one is increasing, and nine lack enough data.

  第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

  第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)







  I became interesting in playing football thanks to a small accident. One afternoon where I was in primary school, I was walking by the school playground. Suddenly football feel just in front of me but almost hit me. I stopped the ball and kicked it hardly back to the playground. To everyone`s surprising, the ball went into the net. All the football player on the playground cheered loudly, say that I had a talent for football. From now on, I started to play my football with classmates after school. I am a good player now.

  第二节 书面表达(满分25分)